As the lab manager for the Aponte Lab, Sarah is one of the first people new lab personnel meet. She takes new lab members on a tour of the facility and points out emergency exits, eye washes, and fire alarms. Sarah reminds lab members how to properly store and dispose of all chemicals. During the… [Read More]
Dr. Harvey is the chair of NIDA-IRP Safety committee and has initiated numerous safety initiatives in recent years including “NIDA Laboratory Clean Out Week”, coordinated with DEP to provide additional training on chemical waste handling in laboratories. Congratulations, Dr. Harvey and thank you for all of your hard work! The NIH Mission First Safety Always… [Read More]
Hot Off the Press – September 2023 Published in Nature Neuroscience by Thorsten Kahnt, et al. Summary Odorous molecules evoke distributed patterns of activity in olfactory cortices but how these patterns map onto inherently subjective odor percepts has remained unclear. In this study, Sagar and colleagues addressed this question by collecting high-resolution neural and perceptual… [Read More]
Highly accurate protein structure prediction for the human proteomeNature
Determining complete protein structures is difficult as sufficient quantities need to be purified; protein size, transmembrane domains, and susceptibility to conformational changes create inconsistencies; and the work can take months to years. Tunyasuvunakool et al. applied AlphaFold to predict full-length structures with detailed chemical components of nearly the entire human proteome (98.5%) as well as ~20 other organisms and provided this data in a public database. Since publication, the authors updated AlphaFold (version 2) shortening days-long prediction computation to minutes/hours and the database now has over 200 million protein structures. [Read More]
Featured Paper of the Month – September 2023
Published in Neuropsychopharmacology by Yocasta Alvarez-Bagnarol, and Marisela Morales, et al. of the NIDA IRP Neuronal Networks Section.
We demonstrated that inhibition of Dorsal Raphe GABA neurons blocks hyperalgesia (increased pain sensitivity) induced by spontaneous heroin withdrawal.
Hot Off the Press – August 28, 2023 Published in Molecular Psychiatry by Briana Hempel and Zheng-Xiong Xi, et al. of the NIDA IRP Addiction Biology Unit. In this research paper, Briana Hempel et al. investigated the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in the CNS effects of cannabinoids. The study focuses on two specific… [Read More]
On November 16, 2023, the NIDA-IRP will be hosting a special symposium celebrating 20 years of the Jacob P. Waletzky award. The Jacob P. Waletzky Award is given by the Society for Neuroscience to an early career scientist whose independent research has led to significant conceptual and empirical contributions to the understanding of drug addiction…. [Read More]
Engineering of NEMO as calcium indicators with large dynamics and high sensitivity. Nat Methods
Current genetically encoded calcium indicators have suboptimal dynamic range and peak signal-to-baseline ratios. Li et al. engineered a new series of mNG-based calcium indicators (NEMO) that exhibit fast kinetics with up to 100-fold increase in dynamic range and 20-fold increase in signal-to-baseline ratios when NEMO sensors were compared to GCaMP6m or NCaMP7. Increased fluorescence and dynamic range of NEMO should facilitate the in vivo monitoring of calcium changes in deep brain structures and cellular organelles. [Read More]
Featured Paper of the Month – August 2023
Published in Biological Psychiatry by Leslie Ramsey, and Marco Venniro, et al. of the NIDA IRP Neurobiology of Relapse Section.
Using a battery of behavioral tests, we demonstrated that female CD1 mice find social interaction more rewarding compared to female C57BL/6J mice. Our data show that CD1 mice are a better strain for studying female social reward learning.
Dr. Amy Newman is one of the three 2023 Hall of Fame inductees of the Medicinal Chemistry (MEDI) Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS). Dr. Newman shares this honor with two other scientists, Dr. Donna Huryn from the University of Pittsburgh and Dr. Joel Barrish from RA Ventures. Dr. Newman is the fifth scientist… [Read More]